Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 9  |  Page : 2859--2863

Causes, comorbidities and current status of chronic kidney disease: A community perspective from North Kerala


Sabitha Rose Jacob1, Rini Raveendran2, Suthanthira Kannan3 
1 Department of Community Medicine, Govt Medical College, Manjeri, Kerala, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Govt Medical College, Thrissur, Kerala, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, ESIC Medical College, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sabitha Rose Jacob
Department of Community Medicine, Govt Medical College Manjeri, Vellarangal PO, 676 121, Kerala
India

Context: Chronic kidney disease is an upcoming public health problem characterized by premature mortality and expensive treatment in low resource settings where diabetes is highly prevalent. Aim: To find out the causes and comorbidities and to explore the community support systems for treatments availed. Settings and Design: Community based cross sectional design. Materials and Methods: Interview of known chronic kidney disease patients above 18 years registered under palliative clinics. Statistical Analysis Used: Mean, SD, proportions, and 95% Confidence interval, chi square test at significance level P = 0.05. Results: Majority of patients were males, below 60 years. Mean duration was 5.26 years and mean age at onset was 48.6 years and 62% were in advanced stages of disease. The commonest cause was diabetic nephropathy (44.6%) followed by hypertensive nephropathy (33.3%).The comorbidities included hypertension (61.4%), diabetes (47.3%), cardiovascular disease (30.6%), Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (10%) malignancies (2.6%), and retinopathy (28%). Considering treatment status 60.6% were on dialysis 13.3% had undergone transplantation, mostly from private institutions with help of public donations and both at significant underutilization by women. Though 44.6% were protected by social security schemes, the median monthly cost of disease management amounted to Rs. 10,500 which was unaffordable for the majority who were below the poverty line. Conclusions: There is an impending need for strengthening management, high-risk screening among diabetic and hypertensive patients and provision for specialist care to delay the onset of end-stage renal disease. The social security support system should be improvised for our setting to facilitate dialysis and transplantation to minimize out of the pocket expenditure.


How to cite this article:
Jacob SR, Raveendran R, Kannan S. Causes, comorbidities and current status of chronic kidney disease: A community perspective from North Kerala.J Family Med Prim Care 2019;8:2859-2863


How to cite this URL:
Jacob SR, Raveendran R, Kannan S. Causes, comorbidities and current status of chronic kidney disease: A community perspective from North Kerala. J Family Med Prim Care [serial online] 2019 [cited 2021 Jun 14 ];8:2859-2863
Available from: https://www.jfmpc.com/article.asp?issn=2249-4863;year=2019;volume=8;issue=9;spage=2859;epage=2863;aulast=Jacob;type=0