Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 2061--2067

Association between vitamin D and hypertension in people coming for health check up to a tertiary care centre in South India


Rose Mary J. Vatakencherry, L Saraswathy 
 Department of Physiology, Amrita School of Medicine, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham University, Kochi, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. L Saraswathy
Department of Physiology, Amrita School of Medicine, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi, Kerala
India

Introduction: Vitamin D has many effects apart from its role in calcium metabolism and bone health. Vitamin D is derived from endogenous ultraviolet-B induced vitamin D synthesis in the skin, and the current high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in India, can be attributed to lifestyle related low sunlight exposure. Identification of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) in almost all human cells, suggests a role in extra skeletal diseases. Studies have shown that vitamin D deficiency is an independent risk factor for hypertension. Aim: To evaluate the association between vitamin D and hypertension in people coming for health check up to a tertiary care center in South India. Materials and Methods: Study was carried out as a cross sectional study in a tertiary care hospital in South India. Participants (520) were both males and females (337 males and 183 females), between the age group of 20-60 years attending the comprehensive health check up clinic of our hospital. Statistical Analysis: Statistical analysis was done using IBM SPSS statistics 20.0. Results: Severe vitamin D deficiency was highly prevalent in people with hypertension than in people without hypertension (P value <0.001). Conclusion: Since India is a tropical country, till recently it was believed that vitamin D deficiency and its ill effects are uncommon. But it was found that, vitamin D deficiency was highly prevalent in people with hypertension in South India, emphasizing the need of early vitamin D supplementation. Therefore, to reduce cardiovascular morbidity, early identification of vitamin D deficiency and appropriate vitamin D supplementation may be of primary importance in population, especially like ours, having high prevalence.


How to cite this article:
Vatakencherry RJ, Saraswathy L. Association between vitamin D and hypertension in people coming for health check up to a tertiary care centre in South India.J Family Med Prim Care 2019;8:2061-2067


How to cite this URL:
Vatakencherry RJ, Saraswathy L. Association between vitamin D and hypertension in people coming for health check up to a tertiary care centre in South India. J Family Med Prim Care [serial online] 2019 [cited 2021 Jun 12 ];8:2061-2067
Available from: https://www.jfmpc.com/article.asp?issn=2249-4863;year=2019;volume=8;issue=6;spage=2061;epage=2067;aulast=Vatakencherry;type=0