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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 8  |  Page : 3137-3143

Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices and their determinants in two Urban districts of India

1 Department of Pediatrics, Gajra Raja Medical College, Gwalior, Madhay Pradesh, India
2 Medical Officer, Department of Paediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Bhaikaka University, Karamsad, Gujarat, India
3 Department of Interdisciplinary Research, Foundation for Diffusion of Innovations, Vadodara, Gujarat, India
4 Department of Pediatrics, Dinanath Manguehkar Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India
5 Central Research Services, Bhaikaka University, Karamsad, Anand, Gujarat, India
6 Professor and Head, Department of Paediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Bhaikaka University, Karamsad, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Satvik C Bansal
Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Gajra Raja Medical College, Gwalior - 474 012, Madhya Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_184_21

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Introduction: It is essential to maintain optimal nutrition during the early years of life when the growth rate is maximum. Aims and Objectives: Our study investigated the prevalence of various feeding practices. We also explored their association with different sociodemographic, biomedical variables, and childhood morbidity. Methodology: This was a cross-sectional community-based study. Data were collected through a questionnaire-based survey of mothers of school-going children aged 2–6 years in the districts of Anand and Vadodara, Gujarat. Results: A total of 367 mothers participated in the study. About 78% of the mothers did early initiation of breastfeeding within 1 h of birth, and 68% gave colostrum to the newborn. Around 30% of the mothers practiced bottle feeding, and 25% gave prelacteal feeds. Most mothers received good family support for breastfeeding (93.73%). On univariate analysis, we found the following associations of feeding practices—breastfeeding initiation with the gender of the baby (P value—0.006) and type of delivery (P value < 0.001); the duration of exclusive breastfeeding with the time difference between two deliveries (P value—0.027) and maternal age (P value—0.004); prelacteal feeds with the type of delivery (P value—0.034); feeding difficulty with the time difference between two deliveries (P value < 0.001) and breastfeeding at night with maternal education (P value—0.002). The time of the initiation of breastfeeding was associated with cough and cold episodes. No other association was found between breastfeeding variables and health indicators. Conclusion: Maternal age, maternal education, the time difference between two deliveries, the type of delivery, and gender of the baby were significantly associated with different Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) practices. Identifying these factors might help in the development of strategies for optimizing feeding practices.

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