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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 8  |  Page : 2964-2968

An investigation of efficient nursing interventions in early diagnosis of cancer: A systematic review and meta.analysis


1 Department of Nursing, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Nursing, Arak University of Medical Science, Arak, Iran
3 Department of Nursing, Mazandaran University of Medical Science, Babol, Iran
4 Department of Nursing, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5 Department of Nursing, Yahya Nejad Hospital, Babol, Iran
6 Department of Nursing, Mazandran University, Babolsar, Iran
7 Department of Nursing, Islamic Azad University, Babol, Iran
8 Department of Nursing, Feridoun kenar Hospital, Mazandran, Iran
9 Department of Nursing, Rohani Hospital of Babol, Rasht, Iran
10 Department of Nursing, Guilan University, Rasht, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Elnaz Saripour
Department of Nursing, Guilan University, Rasht
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_2148_20

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Background and Aims: Due to the contradictory results of previous research and the lack of a specific study to address the effective nursing interventions in the early diagnosis of cancer, the purpose of this study was to determine the effect of nursing interventions on early diagnosis of cancer. Methods: This systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted during the last 5 years from 2015 to September 30, 2020. The articles related to the nursing interventions to early diagnosis of cancer were achieved from PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, ISI, Scopus databases, and Google and Google Scholar search engines. Risk-ratio with a 95% confidence interval (CI) between the intervention and control groups was determined using the fixed-effect model, and the Mantel–Haenszel method and I2 showed the heterogeneity of studies. Stata V16 software was used for meta-analysis. Results: The effect of an intervention on early diagnosis of breast cancer was evaluated using mammography, clinical breast examination, and breast self-exam. A total of 300 individuals participated in the study. RR results in the intervention group showed the effectiveness of nursing interventions on breast cancer detected early in both the mammography and colonoscopy (RR, 1.18 95% CI 0.57, 1.79. P =0.00 and RR, 0.58, 95% CI 0.42, 0.75, P = 0.00, respectively). Conclusion: A variety of nursing interventions including education, consultation, patient guidance, and reminders can have a positive impact on the early detection of cancers.


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