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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 8  |  Page : 2893-2899

Intimate partner violence in the Kingdom of Bahrain: Prevalence, associated factors and WAST screening in primary health centres

1 Ministry of Health, Primary Care, Kingdom of Bahrain
2 National Health Regulation Authority, Kingdom of Bahrain

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Fatema Tawfeeq
National Health Regulatory Authority
Kingdom of Bahrain
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_2401_20

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Background and Objectives: Women can experience physical abuse, mental, sexual abuse, or even controlling behavior throughout their partnership lifecycle, which must be prevented and curtailed at the early stages. Therefore, this study explores intimate partner violence (IPV) prevalence among Bahraini women, predictors of IPV, and reliability of the Women Abuse Screening Tool (WAST) questionnaire in IPV against women. Methods: The current prospective cross-sectional study included 810 Bahraini women meeting the inclusion criteria, who were asked to share any IPV experience witnessed during their marriage. A questionnaire comprising of 25 questions, including those of WAST-short and WAST-long, was used. The reliability of the screening tools was determined using Cronbach's alpha test. Results: The prevalence of IPV among Bahraini was found to be 71.11%. During pregnancy, husbands' violent behavior towards family members, relatives or friends; escalation of violence; substance abuse; general antisocial behavior; criminality and mental health issues were significantly associated with IPV (P < 0.001). Relationship problems with the husband, individual behavior of women supporting violence, and history of violence from other family members were significantly associated with abuse (P < 0.05). WAST-short was shown to have a sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 18.8%. Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the full questionnaire, WAST-short and WAST-long were 0.82, 0.76, and 0.84, respectively. Conclusion: Determination of IPV is an outcome of the victim and abuser's psychosocial behaviors, and WAST-short must be complemented with WAST-long for accurate findings. Concerted efforts towards anger management and rehabilitation of the victim and abuser are imperative to end the IPV cycle.

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