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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 8  |  Page : 2798-2803

Prevalence of self-medication in children under-five years by their mothers in Yogyakarta city Indonesia

1 Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences UGM Yogyakarta, Indonesia
2 Faculty of Pharmacy, UGM Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Mr. Naseer Ahmed
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences UGM, Yogyakarta
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_2457_20

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Background: The trend of combating minor ailments at home in children is a common practice in Indonesia. When it comes to very smaller children like those of age under-five. Aims: Consequences can be worse if not managed well. Self-medication among these children is not well studied in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Materials and Methodology: In this study a questionnaire-based random survey among different areas of Yogyakarta city from the mothers bearing children if age under five. Questionnaire were validated by three experts, for reliability test a pilot study conducted on 10 mothers, after that questionnaire used for data collection. Data were analyzed by using SPSS Descriptive analysis to get frequency and percentage. Results: The overall prevalence reported is 58.82% (50/85). An increasing trend of self-medication was seen among high-higher secondary schools education mothers with 35.3%. In income factor 2600K-3000K mostly found in the self-medication. The residential area also seems influential upon this practice, i.e., 58.8% rural people depends on self-medication while urban people only 39.2% involved in self-medications. Conclusion: As a large population of very small children is under this practice so, proper education of mothers especially in rural areas is needed for the appropriate use of medicines.

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