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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 2594-2599

An observational study to estimate the level of essential trace elements and its implications in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients

1 Department of Medicine, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Biochemistry, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Satyendra Kumar Sonkar
Department of Medicine, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_2395_20

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Background and Objectives: Insulin action of reducing blood glucose has been found to be enhanced by trace elements. Material and Methods: This was a cross sectional study including 150 patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) and 50 controls. Serum concentrations of zinc, copper, chromium, selenium and magnesium was measured by colorimetric kit. Fasting Blood Glucose and Glycated Haemoglobin (HbA1c) were assayed using the standard kit. Results: Out of 150 patients, 85.4% (n = 128) of the cases had uncontrolled blood sugar with HbA1c ≥7 and only 14.6% (n = 22) had good control of blood sugar with HbA1c <7%. Hypertension (42%) and hypothyroidism (14%) were the most commonly associated comorbidities among patients with T2DM. Following percentage of diabetic patients had complications such as peripheral neuropathy (45.3%), diabetic retinopathy (36.7%), coronary artery disease (20.7%), diabetic nephropathy (17.3%), peripheral vascular disease (8.7%), and cerebrovascular accident (6%) respectively. The mean level of zinc, copper, selenium and magnesium was significantly lower in patients with T2DM than the control cases (62.89 vs. 74.95 μg/dL, P < 0.05; 116.30 vs. 150.39 μg/dL, P < 0.001; 8.57 vs. 16.16 μg/dL, P < 0.001; 1.92 vs. 2.31 mg/dL, P < 0.05, respectively). Multivariate analysis showed that there was a significant trend between levels of zinc, copper, selenium, and magnesium and the prevalence of T2DM. Conclusions: The levels of selenium, zinc, copper, and magnesium were significantly lower in patients with T2DM when compared to healthy counterparts.

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