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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 2381-2385

Role of tenofovir and telbivudine in treatment of hepatitis B related acute on chronic liver failure

1 Civil Surgeon Office, Munshiganj, Bangladesh
2 Department of Hepatology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
3 Department of Hepatology, Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
4 Department of Anatomy and Embryology, Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine, Ehime, Japan
5 Department of Primary Care and Microbiology, Brahminbaria Medical College, Brahminbaria, Bangladesh
6 Gastroenterology and Metabology, Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine, Ehime, Japan

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mamun A Mahtab
Department of Hepatology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Bangladesh. Postal Address: House # 109, Road # 4, Block # B, Banani, Dhaka - 1213
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_2302_20

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Introduction: ACLF is characterized by acute deterioration of liver function in patients with chronic liver disease. HBV is one of the most important causes of both acute insult and underlying chronic liver disease in ACLF. Reactivation of HBV is one of the common causes of ACLF in our region. ACLF requires multiple organ support and is associated with high short and medium term mortality. This is the reason why early, rapid reduction of HBV DNA is essential in treating ACLF-B. Methods: Consecutive patients of ACLF-B due to spontaneous reactivation of HBV (ALT> 5xULN or >2 x baseline and HBV DNA >20,000 IU/ml) were randomized into tenofovir group (300mg/day) and telbivudine group (600mg/day) along with standard medical treatment. Clinical and laboratory parameters were evaluated at baseline, day-7, day-14, day-30 and day-90. HBV DNA was evaluated at baseline and after three months of therapy. Primary end point was survival or death at three months. Secondary end point was improvement of liver function assessed by Child-Turcotte Pugh score and MELD score at three months. Results: 30 patients were enrolled in the study and 15 of them received tenofovir and 15 patients received telbivudine. Most of the baseline parameters showed no difference except serum AST and serum creatinine level that showed statistically significant difference between two groups. After antiviral therapy both groups showed significant clinical improvement along with CTP and MELD scores. However statistically significant improvement between tenofovir and telbivudine groups was only seen with MELD score. Survival rate was 80% in tenofovir group and 60% in telbivudine group, but this was not statistically significant. Low serum albumin at baseline was predictor of mortality. Conclusion: In patients of ACLF-B, antiviral therapy with both tenofovir and telbivudine improve liver function, but there is no statistically significant difference in survival between tenofovir and telbivudine.

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