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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 2363-2368

Population-based seropositivity for IgG antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 in Ahmedabad city

1 Deputy Municipal Commissioner, AMC, Gujarat, India
2 Medical Officer of Health, AMC, Gujarat, India
3 Community Medicine, AMC MET Medical College, Gujarat, India
4 Deputy Health Officer, AMC, Gujarat, India
5 Microbiology, AMC MET Medical College, Gujarat, India
6 Community Medicine, NHL Municipal Medical College, Gujarat, India
7 Microbiology, NHL Municipal Medical College, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Jay Sheth
Department of Community Medicine, AMC MET Medical College, Maninagar, Ahmedabad, Gujarat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: Original Article

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Context: Ahmedabad city with approximately 7 million population was one of the earliest cities to witness the high case load of COVID-19 pandemic in India. A population-based sero-survey was ideally suited in Ahmedabad to guide the public health response for managing COVID-19 pandemic. Objectives: To study the percentage sero-positivity for SARS-CoV-2 to understand the pandemic status and deriving conclusions for guiding the public health measures for managing the COVID-19 pandemic. Settings and Design: Population-based cross-sectional sero-surveillance. Methods and Material: Large scale sero-surveillance with population-based stratified sampling covering more than 10,000 samples from general population of Ahmedabad was carried out during second half of August 2020. The seropositivity was correlated and compared with various demographic factors and other parameters for valid and precise predictions on the immunity status of the population. Results: With 2,396 samples positive for IgG antibodies from a total of 10,310 samples, the seropositivity against COVID-19 in the general population of Ahmedabad is around 23.24%. The seropositivity has increasing trend with increasing age and is significantly higher among females (25.37%) than males (21.81%). The zone wise positivity ranged from 11.74% to 33.14%. This closely correlates with the cases recorded so far, higher for those zones with high current or past cases. Conclusions: Seropositivity of 23.24% in general population indicate the overall current level of protection. Since effective vaccine is not yet available, it is required to continue emphasis on the public health preventive measures for controlling and managing the COVID-19 pandemic.

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