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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 2358-2362

Prevalence and clinical presentation of sinusitis in pediatric age group in Aseer, Saudi Arabia

1 College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
2 College of Family Medicine Resident, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
3 Medical Intern, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
4 Medical Student, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
5 Pediatrics Resident, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
6 Mansoura University, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ahmed Y Abouelyazid
Assistant Professor of Public Health Mansoura University, Khamis Mushit, P.O. 62411
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_2433_20

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Background: Paediatric rhinosinusitis is mostly different than that in adults. More frequently, children presented with cough, bad breath, crankiness, low energy, and swelling around the eyes, besides a thick yellow-green nasal or post-nasal discharge. About 5- 13% of childhood viral upper respiratory tract infections may advance to acute rhinosinusitis, with some of them developing a chronic condition. Aim: To assess prevalence and clinical presentation of sinusitis in the paediatric age group in Aseer, Saudi Arabia. Methodology: A retrospective record-based study was conducted in Abha Maternity and Children Hospital in Abha city, Saudi Arabia between January 2015 and January 2018. All medical records during the study period for children whose from to 15 years old attended the hospital and diagnosed as having sinusitis were included. Results: The study included 100 children with complete files whose ages ranged from less than 1 year to up to 13 years old with a mean age of 5.3 4.2 years. Nearly 51% of the children aged 4 years or less and male were 53 (53%). Past history for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) was positive among 30 children. Regarding clinical presentations of rhinosinusitis (RS) as reported by the children caregivers, fever was the most reported complaint (50%) followed by red eye (44%), ringing nose (42%), cough (41%) and headache (36%). Mucous culture was positive among 58 cases. The most isolated pathogens were streptococcus pneumoniae (45.6%), Haemophilis influenza (24.6%). Conclusions: In conclusion, the study revealed that CRS is a common disease in children at different ages, especially, maxillary and frontal sinuses. In most of the cases, medical treatment is highly appreciated; though, surgical intervention may be needed in a small percentage.

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