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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 2348-2352

Epidemiological characteristics of children with coronavirus at a joint commission-accredited hospital in the United Arab Emirates

1 Pediatrics Department, General Pediatric Division, Tawam Hospital, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates
2 Department of Academic Affairs, Tawam Hospital and College of Medicine and Health Science, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates
3 Pediatrics Department, Pediatric Infectious Disease Division, Tawam Hospital, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Latifa Al Mansoori
General Pediatric Division, Pediatric Department, Tawam Hospital, P.O. Box 15258, Al Ain, United
United Arab Emirates
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_2161_20

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Objectives: Our aim was to identify the epidemiological characteristics and transmission patterns of coronavirus (COVID-19) among pediatric patients in the multicultural and multiethnic city of Al Ain in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Method: A retrospective study was conducted by abstracting data from the electronic medical records of pediatric patients with COVID-19 from two major public hospitals in Al Ain. The data of patients from birth through 16 years of the cases with COVID-19 confirmed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction were obtained. In addition to the epidemiological characteristics, transmission patterns, comorbidities, index cases, travel history, and coinfection with other viruses were analyzed. Cohen's kappa was used to assess interrater reliability and descriptive data. Chi-square test was used to assess significant differences between the variables and was conducted using Statistical Product and Service Solutions software. Results: We identified 298 (150 males, 148 females) laboratory-confirmed cases. The patients' median age was 7 years. Of these, 50% had parents who also tested positive. Most patients (86.9%) were healthy without any known medical problems. The coinfection rate was ~2%. Conclusion: The epidemiological characteristics of children with COVID-19 in Al Ain are similar to those observed internationally. Children of all ages appeared to be susceptible to COVID-19 and no significant sex or ethnicity differences were detected. Furthermore, this study provides strong evidence of human-to-human transmission.

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