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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 2304-2312

A study to assess the knowledge and awareness among young doctors about emergency contraception

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, NEIGRIHMS, Meghalaya, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rituparna Das
Quarter B8F, NEIGRIHMS, Shillong, Meghalaya
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_2439_20

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Background: Emergency contraception (EC) is the contraception on demand which can prevent millions of unintended pregnancies. The knowledge and awareness of young doctors towards EC who may be the first contact physician of the society has not been well studied. This study aims to assess the knowledge and awareness of young doctors in a teaching institute in northeast India.Methodology: This study was carried out among 200 young doctors and included 100 interns and 100 postgraduate trainees (PGT) and senior resident doctors (SRD) from January 2020 to March 2020 to compare their knowledge and awareness about EC. A predesigned self-administered 22 items questionnaire was used to collect data. Observation: In our study, majority of the doctors in both groups were aware of levonorgestrel 1.5 mg tablet as EC (93% and 95%) and more interns than PG SRD were aware of its easy availability (86%, 35%, P value < 0.0001), government supply (77%, 30%, P value < 0.0001), and that copper intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) can be used as EC up to 120 h (89%, 60%, P value < 0.0001). Most doctors were unaware of ulipristal acetate. Most PGT SRDs believe that EC promotes irresponsible behavior, sexually transmitted diseases, and promiscuity but most intern did not agree to it (P value < 0.0001 for each). More than 65% doctors in both groups were aware of the mechanism of action of EC. PGT SRD were more aware of the effectiveness of EC (62%, 80%, P value 0.0078). More interns were aware that EC affects the next period (53%, 25%, P value < 0.0001). Conclusion: Interns were more aware about contraception than PGT and SRD, especially about government supply of EC, about IUCD, and behavioral aspect like promoting irresponsible behavior, sexually transmitted disease, and promiscuity.

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