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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 2272-2278

Assessment of frailty and outcome of an ethnogeriatric population in periurban slums of Delhi, India – An interventional strategy in a primary health care setting


1 Department of Community Medicine, AIIMS, Bibinagar, Hyderabad, India
2 HIMSR Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India
3 GIMS, Greater Noida, UP, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Meely Panda
Department of Community Medicine, AIIMS, Bibinagar, Hyderabad, Telangana - 508126
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1543_20

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Introduction: The burden of frailty and aging will have a profound impact on the economy along with the deteriorating clinical condition of the olds. Aim: This study aim was to assess frailty of an ethnogeriatric cohort and associate it with domains of quality of life in Delhi along with a follow-up outcome assessment. Method: Edmonton frail scale on an ethnogeriatric cohort of 200 individuals in periurban slums of Delhi was used and associated with quality of life, calculated by the WHO-BREF –QOL questionnaire. An interventional strategy for healthy aging was adopted, and a follow-up outcome assessment was done to look out for mortality or morbidity. Result: There were 37% frail with a mean score of 60 and 25% prefrails beyond 60 years with a significant increase in frailty with age. Females, single, working, and illiterate elderly were frailer as compared to their counterparts. Social domain followed by psychological domain of the QOL had least scores in the frail elderly. Olds, away from their place of origin were 25 times more likely to be frail and had lesser family integration, assessed by regression analysis. Nearly 6% died, with 21% of hospital readmissions after a 6-month follow-up. Discussion: An earlier start of assessment would give us more time to react and respond and be pro-active for healthy aging besides taking into consideration the diverse ethnography in our country. Conclusion: Cross-cultural variations need the physicians to address the health care disparities and language barriers so as to make interventions more convenient.


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