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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 2252-2258

Perception of safety from workplace violence affects job satisfaction among doctors practicing modern medicine in India: A nationwide survey

1 Department of Community Medicine and Family Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Kalyani, Nadia, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Physiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Kalyani, Nadia, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Tandra Ghosh
Room No: 110/C, Department of Physiology, First Floor, Medical College Building, AIIMS Kalyani, NH-34 Connector, Basantapur, Saguna, Nadia, West Bengal - 741 245
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_2416_20

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Background: Doctors are often been judged negatively as a consequence of high expectation and demand from their job and face violence at workplace. Continuous worry of facing aggression at workplace may seriously affect job satisfaction and intention to job turnover. However, the association between workplace safety and job satisfaction had not been studied earlier in India. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among doctors from November 2019 to April 2020 using a pre-tested, semi-structured, anonymous “Google forms” based questionnaire among doctors working in private and/or public healthcare settings across India. Perception of safety was assessed by scoring in a scale. Cronbach's coefficient of the scale was calculated to be 0.88. Job satisfaction was assessed using the 5-item Brayfield and Rothe measure of job satisfaction. Cronbach's coefficient of the scale was 0.76. The data was coded and analyzed with the help of STATA-12. Results: 617 doctors practicing modern medicine participated in this study from all over India. 262 (42.5%) doctors were found to be satisfied at their job. Perception of safety at workplace was found to have 2.5 times greater influence on job satisfaction of doctors. 23.2% of the doctors expressed job turnover intention which was positively correlated with job satisfaction and perception of safety. Conclusion: Perception of safety from workplace violence was found to have significant effect on job satisfaction and turnover intention than actual violence. Appropriate strategy may be undertaken to address this apprehension at workplace.

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