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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 2246-2251

A study on contraceptive prevalence rate and factors influencing it in a rural area of Coimbatore, South India

1 Department of Community Medicine, PSG Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Peelamedu, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Panimalar Medical College Hospital and Research Institute, Varatharajapuram, Poonamallee, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sriram Rm
Department of Community Medicine, Panimalar Medical College Hospital and Research Institute, Varatharajapuram, Poonamallee, Chennai - 600 123. Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_2345_20

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Introduction: India is the first country to implement National Family Program in 1952. Acceptance of contraceptive methods is influenced by various factors at the individual, family, and community level with their roots in the socioeconomic and cultural milieu of Indian society. This study was carried to find the contraceptive prevalence rate among eligible couples as well as to find the factors influencing it in a rural area of Coimbatore. Methodology: The study was carried out using the data extracted from the family health survey conducted by trained field staff for the purpose of furnishing details regarding people residing in the field practice area of Rural Health Training Centre (RHTC), Vedapatti located in Coimbatore district after obtaining Institutional Human Ethical clearance. All eligible couples were included for the study. Contraceptive prevalence is expressed in percentage with 95% Confidence interval. Univariate analysis (Chi-square test) was done to find the association between contraceptive acceptance and independent variables. Strength of association is determined by odds ratio with 95% Confidence Interval (cI). P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Contraceptive Prevalence Rate among eligible couples was found to be 75% (95% cI: 73.6–76.4). Most commonly used method among the study participants was tubectomy (81.6%), followed by condoms (11.4%), intrauterine devices (6.3%), and oral contraceptive pills (0.7%). Higher age of the women, religion, educational status of the women, socioeconomic status, working status of the women, number of living children, age at the time of marriage, and age at the time of first child birth were found to have statistical significant association with higher usage of contraception. Conclusion: The contraceptive prevalence rate was found to be higher in this study population and multiple factors were influencing the contraception usage among the eligible couples.

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