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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 2177-2183

Involvement of male spouse in care during pregnancy in rural areas of district Varanasi

1 Post-Doctoral Fellow (ICSSR), Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar-Pradesh, India
2 Associate Professor, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar-Pradesh, India
3 Professor, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar-Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Sangeeta Kansal
Community Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, BHU, Varanasi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1425_20

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Background: Lack of male spouse involvement can affect the delays in the decision to take health care facilities, these are the main contributing factor for increasing maternal mortality and child death ratio. Men involvement in reproductive and sexual health including child health is important in reducing teenage pregnancy, maternal mortality, infant mortality, risky abortions, and total fertility rate. This study aimed to assess the awareness and practices of male spouse in maternal care services in rural areas. Methods: This is a community-based and cross-sectional study which was undertaken in randomly selected four villages of Kashi Vidyapeeth block, Varanasi. Total enumeration of women from the selected villages delivered within last 3 years was done and their husbands were interviewed by using a pre-designed, pretested interview schedule. Data on socioeconomic and demographic characteristics, awareness of various aspects and antenatal and postnatal care were collected and analyzed with SPSS 20 trial version. Results: Out of the total 130 interviewed male spouse (respondents), only 9.8% knows about minimum four antenatal visits. 26.9% were aware about the health related problems during pregnancy and only 7.7% were aware about the danger signs. Janani Suraksha Yojna was known to 11.5% only. 22.4% respondents accompanied their wife for antenatal registration and36.2% for T. T vaccination but 70.2% were present in the hospital during delivery. Logistic regression analysis shows that education of respondents is a key determinant of their involvement during pregnancy. Conclusions: This study identified overall low awareness of male spouse about antenatal visits and involvement during antenatal care. Therefore, there is a strong need to re-strategize the involvement of male spouse in reproductive health including antenatal period.

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