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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 2140-2147

Level of exercise and physical activity among pregnant women in Saudi Arabia: A systematic review

Department of Family Medicine, King Fahad Medical City, Academy for Postgraduate Studies in Family Medicine, Riyadh, KSA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Salwa A Almalki
Family Medicine, King Fahad Medical City Academy for Postgraduate Studies in Family Medicine, Riyadh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_2408_20

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The current study aimed to clarify the health benefits of physical activity on the mother and fetus in the Saudi women population. Besides, it is intended to provide recommendation based on the literature and results of studies from Saudi Arabia for exercise in pregnancy to improve the general health of women in Saudi Arabia. Prenatal physical exercise enhances physical and mental health of pregnant women. It can also reduce the risk of multiple pregnancy-related complications such as; lower back pain, fluid retention and risk of gestational diabetes. All these factors can affect fetal development and life later. Multiple studies showed that prenatal exercise could reduce the risk of fetal macrosomia with no effect on other perinatal or postnatal complications. The study followed the systematic literature review approach where it included multiple medical search Databases using PICOS eligibility criteria up to January 2019. The review was based on the following keywords: pregnancy, gestational, or prenatal) and (physical exercise, exercise, or physical activity. There are only two studies that dealt with physical exercises among Saudi women. The results indicated a relation between prenatal physical exercise on improving or decreasing risks on the mother and child during pregnancy.

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