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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 1773-1779

Parental awareness of headaches among elementary school-aged children in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: A cross-sectional study

1 Department of Pediatric Neurology, King Abdullah Specialized Children's Hospital (KASCH), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences (KSAU-HS), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Pharmacy, Collage of Pharmacy, King Saud University (KSU), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, Al Maarefa University (MCST), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Waleed Abdulaziz Altwaijri
King Abdullah Specialist Children Hospital, Riyadh
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_2280_20

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Context: Headaches can negatively impact children's quality of life. Nevertheless, data on the parental awareness of childhood headache is very limited. Aim: The objective was to estimate the prevalence of childhood headaches and parental awareness of headaches among their elementary school children. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional study was conducted among parents who were shopping in five malls in Riyadh between March and July 2019. Methods and Material: Data were collected using a self-completed questionnaire, which included data on socio-demographic characteristics of the parents and their children, the presence of headache in children, and parental awareness about headache susceptibility, possible causes, associated symptoms, and management. Statistical Analysis Used: Descriptive and inferential statistics were employed as appropriate using the software SPSS. Results: A total of 292 parents were included. The majority were mothers (75.3%) in the age range of 26–45 years (83.2%). Approximately 62.3% of the parents reported headaches in their children. Approximately 47.6% of the headaches were attributed to “the use of electronic devices”. The overall parental awareness of headaches was 55.1%, with scores being highest for management questions (67.0%) and lowest for susceptibility questions (45.4%). In a multivariate logistic regression analysis adjusted for socio-demographic characteristics, parental awareness was positively associated with the presence of children with headaches in the family and negatively associated with Saudi nationality of the children. Conclusions: Parental awareness of childhood headache is insufficient. There is a need to increase the awareness of parents about childhood headaches and the problems associated with heavy electronic device use.

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