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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 1737-1740

Effect of COVID-19 on control of T1DM patients in Aseer region of Saudi Arabia

1 Pediatric Endocrinologist, Diabetologist Specialized Medical Complex, Abha Head of Unit, Abha, Saudi Arabia
2 Pediatric Endocrinologist, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
3 Emergency Department in Armed Forces Hospitals Southern Region, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
4 PhD Genetics MSc Biotechnology and Molecular Biology, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
5 Pediatric Endocrinologist, King Faisal Medical City; Professor of Pediatrics and Pediatric Endocrinology, Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Abdullah Mohammed Ahmed AlQahtani
Department of Emergency, Armed Forces Hospitals Southern Region, Abha
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_2333_20

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Background: The novel corona virus disease, also known as COVID-19, has emerged as a major health concern globally. Its association with comorbid condition has increased its mortality. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with increased risk of infection in comparison to general population. This risk is higher in type 1 DM that type 2 DM. Methods: A cross sectional study was done in T1DM patients in whom a structured questionnaire was administered after lockdown. Data regarding social demographical variables, Information regarding sugar levels, psychological effects, changes in weight, exercise habits and other variables were included in the validated, electronic questionnaire. Ethic approval was obtained from the Diabetic center Abha, study duration was from January-2020 to October-2020. Results: Out of 143 total patients (46.9%) were males while 53.1% were females. Mean ± S.D of age was obtained 29.6 ± 1.8. [Figure 1] depicted that 23% of the respondents were effected psychologically. [Figure 2] depicted that 80.4% used insulin as a treatment. [Figure 3] depicted that 8% of the respondents make an emergency visit to the health care centers for high rise in diabetes during lockdown. Conclusion: COVID-19 and the lockdown affected the management of T1DM. It resulted in changes in lifestyle, compliance to medication, and psychological impact on the participant.

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