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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 1656-1660

Limited role of GeneXpert in peritoneal fluid in the diagnosis of genital tuberculosis in infertile women

1 Departments of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, KGMU, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Respiratory Medicine, KGMU, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Department of Microbiology, KGMU, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
4 Department of Statistics, Lucknow University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Surya Kant
Department of Respiratory Medicine, King George's Medical University, UP Chowk, Lucknow - 226 003, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1957_20

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Background and Objectives: Genital tuberculosis (TB) is an important cause of infertility in women that poses many challenges in diagnosis. The study is done to understand the utility of GeneXpert test in peritoneal fluid in the diagnosis of genital TB in infertile women. Methods: All infertile women in postmenstrual phase who were planned for laparoscopy in study period were included. Women who were already on anti-TB therapy were excluded. Peritoneal fluid/washings were retrieved during laparoscopy to test for Mycobacterium tuberculosis by GeneXpert. A note was made of laparoscopy evidence of TB. Endometrial sample was sent for microbiological testing of mycobacterium on smear and liquid culture. Histopathological test of endometrium was also done to look for granulomas. Results: In a total of 57 women, 8 (14.03%) women were diagnosed with TB on the basis of laparoscopy or microbiological or histopathological tests. Six women had caseating tubercles in pelvis, of them two women had presence of mycobacterium on smear, one woman also had positive liquid culture. In two women endometrial smear was positive. None of the women had a positive GeneXpert test in peritoneal fluid. Conclusion: Genital TB is a clinical problem in infertile women. Even in women with confirmed genital TB the peritoneal fluid/washings were negative for mycobacterium. GeneXpert did not pick Mycobacterium in peritoneal fluid in women with genital TB. Hence, it is not a sensitive and good tool for the diagnosis of female genital TB.

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