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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 1649-1655

Stakeholder perspectives on the integration of oral health into national health schemes: A mixed-method study research design in Delhi, India

1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, New Delhi, India
2 Technical Advisor-Monitoring and Evaluation, Tobacco Control Unit, International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (The Union), South-East Asia office, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sneha Malhotra
Post Graduate Student, Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, Room No. 504, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, MAMC Complex, BSZ Marg, New Delhi - 110 002
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1685_20

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Aim and Objectives: To assess the factors and perception of various stakeholders on the integration of oral health into the national health schemes using a mixed-method research design. Materials and Method: A mixed-method study was carried out in 2018 in two phases. In the first phase of the study, a pretested and prevalidated self-designed close-ended questionnaire was used to assess the knowledge, attitude, perception, barriers, myths, and feasibility of the integration of oral health in national health schemes. This questionnaire was administered to 96 stakeholders consisting of a medical officer (MO), accredited social health activists (ASHA), auxiliary nurse midwifery (ANM), and dental surgeon in nine Delhi Government dispensaries. The questionnaire consisted of 42 close-ended questions and four open-ended questions. The domains and themes were identified along with the challenges and opportunities of integration for focus group discussion (FGD) after analyzing the results of the first phase. The FGD consisted of seven members representing each of the above stakeholders along with one moderator and one recorder. Results: 88.3% of the ASHA workers and 85.7% of the ANM accepted that oral screening should be incorporated in their routine practice. The major barrier to the incorporation of oral health in general health was the lack of training and insufficient provision of monetary incentives. Job burnout, work situation, inadequate pay, opportunities, workload, and limited carrier development were the demotivators, whereas respect, goodwill, and recognition from the general public were the inducers. Conclusion: There was a strong agreement for National Oral Health schemes to be given space and priority in India. The majority agreed that they can be used as a medium for imparting oral health education. The majority of the stakeholders believed that oral health should be a part of general health and they are open to any scheme or program which would add an oral health component.

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