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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 1628-1632

Knowledge, attitudes and practice of primary care physicians in eastern provinces of Saudi Arabia towards exercise during pregnancy

1 Family Medicine Department, Family Medicine Academy in First Health Cluster in Eastern, Qatif, Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia
2 Family Medicine Department, First Health Cluster in Eastern Province, Qatif, Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia
3 Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Sulimania, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
4 Family Medicine Department, Family Medicine Academy in First Health Cluster in Eastern, Aqrabiah, Khobar, Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Eman H Albahhar
Family Medicine Department, Family Medicine Academy In First Health Cluster In Eastern, Riyadh Street, Qatif, Eastern Province 32613
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_2135_20

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Context: Physical activity is well known to have enormous benefits for women in all phases of life, including pregnancy. Aims: The purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices of primary care physicians towards exercise during pregnancy in the eastern provinces of Saudi Arabia: Qatif, Dammam, and Al-Khobar. Methods and Material: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted between January and June 2019 among primary care physicians, based on a 32-item self-administered questionnaire distributed through e-mails and SMS messaging. Statistical Analysis Used: Descriptive statistics and Chi-square analysis were used to compare groups. Results: The majority of participants (97.3%) believed that exercise during pregnancy is beneficial and showed fair knowledge; however, most of them (86.5%) were unaware of the guidelines and nearly half of them (55.2%) did not give advice on exercise to their patients. Conclusions: Primary care physicians demonstrate fair knowledge and positive attitude towards exercise in pregnancy; however, their practice and recommendations did not align with the guidelines. Thus, we need to bridge this gap by providing well-structured evidence based continuous educational programs and activities to all physicians providing maternal care.

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