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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 941-946

A comparison of nutritional status between children with and without disabilities: A community-based study


1 Department of Community Medicine, K. S. Hegde Medical Academy, Nitte (Deemed to be University), Nithyananda Nagar, Deralakatte, Mangalore, Dakshina Kannada District, Karnataka, India
2 Consultant, National Centre for Disease Informatics and Research, IInd Floor of Nirman Bhavan, ICMR Complex, Kannamangala, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, M. S. Ramaiah Medical College, MSRIT Post, MSR Nagar, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
4 Department of Community Medicine, ESIC Medical College and PGIMSR and Model Hospital Rajajinagar, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
5 Clinical Psychologist, Department of Psychiatry, M S Ramaiah Medical College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
6 Associate Dean for Global Health, Professor of Paediatrics, Chief, Paediatric Infectious Diseases, Director, Paediatric HIV Program, Director, Global Health Education, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ankeeta Menona Jacob
Department of Community Medicine, K. S. Hegde Medical Academy, Nitte (Deemed to be University), Nithyananda Nagar, Deralakatte, Mangalore - 575 018, Dakshina Kannada District, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1464_20

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Background: Children with disabilities are expected to have poor nutritional status in comparison to children without disabilities. However, limited data on nutritional status of children with and without disabilities in rural settings in India. Objective: To assess and compare the nutritional status of children with and without disability. Methods: A cross-sectional study among children aged 5–15 years was conducted in the rural practise area of a medical college in Karnataka. 290 children (145 with and 145 children without disability) of similar age and sex were studied. Age and sex-specific World Health Organization (WHO) BMI centiles, 24 h dietary calorie and protein intakes were assessed and compared. Median and interquartile ranges were calculated for quantitative variables. Mann–Whitney U test was used to assess the differences in quantitative variables among the two groups. Results: As per WHO BMI centiles, 33.1% with and 37.20% without disabilities were undernourished. The median calorie consumed by children with disabilities was 1169.0 (946.5–1586.0) significantly lower compared to that of children without disability, that is, 1362.0 (1167.0–1641.0). The median protein consumed by children with disabilities was 28.0 (22.5–38.0) significantly lower compared to that of children without disability, that is, 32.0 (28.0–40.0). Conclusions: Children with disabilities had similar rates of undernutrition as that of their non-disabled peers and their lesser dietary intake in terms of calories and proteins.


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