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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 804-808

Hemorrhagic manifestation in different etiologies of pancytopenia: A prospective, cross-sectional study

1 Department of Medicine, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
3 Department of Pharmacology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Mangalagiri, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Vikram Singh
Department of Medicine, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1117_20

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Background: Pancytopenia is a triage of anemia, leukopenia, and thrombocytopenia. The etiology causing pancytopenia varies depending upon factors such as age, sex, occupation, and geographical distribution. Unfortunately, the major treatises of hematology have not given emphasis on the hemorrhagic manifestation of different etiologies causing pancytopenia. Objective: This observational study was carried out with the aim to identify hemorrhagic manifestation in patients with pancytopenia in eastern India. Design: This study was conducted over a period of two years at the Department of Medicine of a tertiary care teaching institute in eastern India. All the patients with features of anemia, thrombocytopenia, or leukopenia were screened for pancytopenia and a total of 214 cases were selected. Patients were divided into two groups as patients with age more than 14 years constitute group one and the patients less than 14 years constitute the second group. A detailed physical examination, hematological, and biochemical investigation was done to ascertain the hemorrhagic manifestations in pancytopenia patients. Results: In the groups, the most common cause of hemorrhagic manifestation in patients with pancytopenia was aplastic anemic, leukemia, myelodysplastic syndrome, and myelofibrosis. No bleeding manifestation was seen in patients with megaloblastic anemia, kala-azar, hypersplenism, and other causes of pancytopenia. Conclusions: Patients with pancytopenia caused by aplastic anemia, acute leukemia, and myelodysplastic syndrome have more chances of bleeding manifestation as compared with pancytopenia caused by megaloblastic anemia, kala-azar, or hypersplenism.

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