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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 758-764

Factors associated with survival in adult people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHAs) in Mumbai, India (2004-2019): A retrospective cohort study

1 Additional Project Director, Mumbai Districts AIDS Control Society, Mumbai, India
2 Data Specialist, Mumbai Districts AIDS Control Society, Mumbai, India
3 Project Director, Mumbai Districts AIDS Control Society, Mumbai, India
4 Consultant Dermatologist and Epidemiologist, Department of Dermatology, Mumbai, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Maninder Singh Setia
Consultant Dermatologist and Epidemiologist, Mumbai, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1703_20

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Background: Knowledge of factors that affect survival in People living with HIV/AIDS (PLHAs) on anti-retroviral therapy (ART) will help us develop and implement interventions to improve the clinical outcomes and survival in these individuals. The aim of this study was to estimate the survival in PLHAs on ART in the government ART programme in Mumbai, and the factors associated with survival in these individuals. Methods: It is a retrospective survival analysis of 28,345 adult PLHAs from 18 government ART centres in Mumbai (registration period 2004–2019). We estimated the mortality rates and their 95% confidence intervals [CIs], plotted the Kaplan Meier Survival curves, estimated incidence rate ratios (IRR) and hazard ratios (HR). There were done for the whole cohort and according to various demographic and clinical characteristics. Results: The mortality in PLHAs on ART was 9.04 per 1000 person years. The HR was significantly for those aged 50 years and more at the time of registration (HR: 3.01, 95% CI: 2.37, 3.83; P < 0.001), in those with baseline CD4 count of less than 200 higher hazard (HR: 1.83, 95% CI: 1.47, 2.27; P < 0.001), those with an adherence of 80–95% (HR; 5.58, 95% CI: 4.61, 6.75; P < 0.001) and adherence of <80% (HR: 9.37, 95% CI: 7.74, 11.33; P < 0.001). Furthermore, the hazard was significantly higher in those with TB compared those without TB (HR: 3.28, 95% CI: 2.87, 3.75; P < 0.001). Time from diagnosis (per month increase) to initiation of ART was not significantly associated with mortality. Conclusions: Increasing awareness about HIV testing and early detection of HIV in those who have high-risk behaviours, prompt diagnosis and management of TB among those infected, and developing and implementing strategies (such as enhanced counselling, telephone-based applications, messages, or reminders) to ensure ART adherence of more than 95% in those on ART will potentially help improve survival in PLHAs in India.

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