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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 724-729

Study of Risk factors and treatment modalities of ectopic pregnancy


1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, KLE's Dr Prabhahkar Kore Hospital and J.N. Medical College, Belagavi, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, S.D.M. College of Medical Sciences and Hospital Sattur, Dharwad, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, M.R. Medical College and BTGH, Kalaburagi, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. S A Krutika
2-907/27A/1A & 1B, Andola Maternity Hospital, Gubbi Colony, Opp Adarsh Nagar, Kalaburagi - 585 105, Karanataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1279_20

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Introduction: In the past two decades globally, the incidence of ectopic pregnancy has been increasing exponentially. One of the major triggering factors being the introduction of medical assisted procreation techniques. The present study emphasis more on clinical presentations, risk factors, associated maternal morbidity and mortality with respect to ectopic pregnancy. Methodology: Patients diagnosed with ectopic pregnancy in reproductive age group (15-44 years) after clinical examination and investigations during one year period were included in the study. It was a prospective study using contingency table analysis and Chi-square test. Results: A total of 42 patients were diagnosed and treated as ectopic pregnancy during the study period. Risk factors were found in 37 patients, of which most common were white discharge per vagina (WDPV) in 20 and tubectomy in 6 patients. PID was seen in 5 and no risk factors in 5 patients. Of the 42 patients, 37 underwent surgery as primary modality of treatment and 5 patients underwent medical management. Only 2 patients had complete resolution with medical management while 3 failed medical management. Post operative period was uneventful. Conclusion: As the incidence of ectopic pregnancy has been on the rise, screening of high risk cases, early diagnosis and early intervention are required to enhance maternal survival and conservation of reproductive capacity.


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