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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 601-608

An alternative yogic approach for cyclical mastalgia—A narrative review


Department of Yoga, Chauras Campus, H.N.B. Garhwal University, Srinagar, Garhwal, Uttarakhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ghanshyam S Thakur
Department of Yoga, Chauras Campus, H.N.B. Garhwal University, Srinagar, Garhwal, Uttarakhand
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1688_20

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Background: Mastalgia or breast pain common benign breast disorder in women in her reproductive life. Mastalgia estimate prevalence 41–71%. It affects to overall quality of life and associated with anxiety, stress, and other psychological factors. Objective: The purpose of the study was to conduct a review of alternative therapy in the management of mastalgia. Method: A review was conducted using search terms cyclical mastalgia (CM), yoga therapy, breast treatment, primrose oil, oestrogen, progesterone and all the probable term in national and international data repositories such as PubMed, Scopus, science direct, google scholar, web of science in English language. Result: The review of alternative therapies in the management of CM suggests that most of the studies used primrose oil, vitamins, and physical activity. There are very few studies conducted in relation to yoga and cyclical mastalgia. Further, most of the studies explored effect of alternative therapies on psychological outcomes. None of the studies investigated efficacy of these therapies on hormonal changes. Conclusion: Evidence suggests that biochemical clinical trial is effective with side effect, primrose oil and seeds treatment is less effective. One evidence-based study with integrated yoga therapy should be considered in the management of cyclical mastalgia. More high-quality trial with yogic approach needed to first line management of patients presenting with CM.


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