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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 538-541

Level of awareness regarding stroke among Riyadh population

1 Medical Students, AlMaarefa University, Ad Diriyah, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Community Medicine, AlMaarefa University, Ad Diriyah, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mohammed K. T. Abutaima
Medical Students, AlMaarefa University, Exit No. 1, King Khalid Branch Road, Al Khalidiyah، Al Khalidiyah, Ad Diriyah 13 Exit No. 1، Ad Diriyah 13713
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1304_20

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Background: Stroke is known to be the second leading cause of death and persistent disability worldwide, with 5.5 million deaths each year. Public knowledge regarding risk factors, signs and symptoms and the prevention of stroke is an important factor in reducing the incidence of stroke. Objective: This study aimed to determine the level of awareness regarding stroke in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Methods: This study recruited 150 participants from primary health care (PHC) centres, based on the methodology of a similar cross-sectional study conducted in Riyadh. The study group included adult male and female PHC visitors and excluded visitors with mental illness and medical personnel. Systematic random sampling was used to select participants. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire and analysed using SPSS. Microsoft Excel was used to generate tables and charts. Consent was obtained before data collection, with emphasis on each participant's right to withdraw from the study at any time. Result: A total of 150 respondents were included in this study. We found that the majority of the participants had a high level of awareness regarding the risk factors of stroke (n = 115, 76.66%). More than half of the participants (n = 95, 63.3%) had a moderate level of awareness of the signs and symptoms of stroke. The study also revealed that there was no statistically significant relationship between education level and level of awareness regarding risk factors of stroke (p = 0.334). Conclusion: This study found that the majority of participants had a high level of awareness regarding stroke. Regarding the education level of the participants, we found that the majority of participants with primary school-level education had a high level of awareness regarding stroke risk factors. Furthermore, we found that the level of awareness about prevention of stroke was moderate among participants. Thus, further studies should explore how to improve levels of awareness regarding the prevention of stroke.

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