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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 502-508

Family physicians/GP and Internist opinions, familiarity and practice behaviour regarding clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) of common medical conditions in Nigeria

1 Department of Medicine, University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria
2 Department of Medicine, Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
3 Department of Medicine, Usmanu Dan Fodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria
4 Department of Pharmacology, Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
5 Medical Director, Department of Family Medicine, Shallom Medical Centre, Ogbomoso, Nigeria
6 Department of Medicine, LAUTECH Teaching Hospital, Ogbomoso, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Olufemi O Desalu
Department of Medicine University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, PMB 1459, Ilorin
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1505_20

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Background: Few studies exist on physicians' opinions, attitudes, familiarity and practice behaviour regarding clinical practice guidelines in sub-Saharan Africa. Objectives: To determine the opinions, familiarity, and practice behaviour regarding clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) and factors associated with their use among internists and family physicians/GP in Nigeria. Methods: A semi-structured questionnaire regarding guidelines of five common medical conditions: hypertension, diabetes mellitus, tuberculosis, asthma and hepatitis B encountered in everyday medical practice were self-administered by 183 doctors across the country. Results: Over 90% of respondents believed that guidelines were evidence-based, improved management outcomes, and quality of care, nevertheless, 57.4% were against using them in litigations against doctors. The majority (>70%) of the respondents were familiar with the guidelines except that of hepatitis B. Overall, guidelines were used regularly by 45.9%, used in part by 23.5% and 30.6% never used it. Approximately 50% of physicians had immediate accessibility to them at the point of care. The proportions of respondents reporting a change in practice behaviour ranged from 37.7-57.9% depending on the guideline. The factors associated with guideline-related behaviour change were familiarity with its contents, postgraduate educational training, increased helpfulness score, and practiced >5 years. Conclusions: The present study shows that most physicians have favourable opinions and are familiar with these guidelines, however, the proportions reporting changes in their patient management because of the guidelines are not satisfactory. It is important to ensure guidelines accessibility and promotes factors that encourage their implementation in medical practice.

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