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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 481-484

Hazardous use of alcohol among men in the tribal population of Jawadhi Hills, Tamil Nadu: Nature, prevalence, and risk factors

1 Department of Community Health, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Don Bosco Social Outreach, Jamunamarathur, Jawadhi Hills, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Anuradha Rose
Department of Community Health, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu - 632002
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1354_20

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Background: Worldwide, hazardous use of alcohol is common among many cultures and societies and adversely impacts families and communities, with significant morbidity and mortality. Scheduled Tribes (STs) who are socially deprived and marginalised have higher rates of alcohol use. Aim: We attempted to determine the nature, prevalence, and risk factors associated with hazardous consumption of alcohol in the tribal community. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted among adult male and permanent residents of Jawadhi hills. A total of 1200 men were interviewed. Study participants were chosen by Probability Proportionate to Size (PPS) sampling method. The questionnaire that documented socio-demographic characteristics and patterns of alcohol use was used. AUDIT tool was used to assess the hazardous use of Alcohol. Data were analysed using SPSS. Results: Majority of the men were middle-aged, married, and were from lower socio-economic strata. A large proportion of men (65%) had a history of alcohol consumption in the last one year using one-year, of whom a quarter showed hazardous use (29%) and another quarter exhibited alcohol dependency (24%). Tobacco use, higher income and local alcohol production were found to be significant risk factors for Hazardous alcohol use. Conclusion: Alcohol consumption needs to be treated as a social problem and has to be tackled at the policy level. Population-based interventions, legislation, taxation, policies regarding the manufacture and sale of alcohol, are some of the ways to address this problem.

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