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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 407-413

Previous history of surgery in females and roadside shaving in males are the commonest risk factors for hepatitis C infection: A cross-sectional retrospective study


1 Department of Medicine, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, India
2 Experimental and Public Health Lab, Department of Zoology, University of Lucknow; Department of Medical Gastroenterology, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, India
3 Department of Zoology, Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur, India
4 Department of Medical Gastroenterology, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, India
5 Experimental and Public Health Lab, Department of Zoology, University of Lucknow, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Suchit Swaroop
Experimental and Public Health Lab, Department of Zoology, University of Lucknow
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1313_20

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Background and objectives: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a causative agent of hepatitis C disease of the liver. We have analysed the major risk factors including demographic, clinical and genotypic distribution among HCV seropositive patients and their distribution in Uttar Pradesh, India. Methods: This study was conducted by a questionnaire-based proforma, filled in Hepatobiliary Clinic, Department of Medicine, King Georg's Medical University, Lucknow, from 2014 to 2017. Demographic, clinical and laboratory data were recorded. Seropositivity was demonstrated through an anti-HCV IgG ELISA kit. Positive patients were further examined for HCV RNA by RT-PCR. Results: A total of 31,440 patients attended the hepatobiliary clinic. Among these, 310 (0.99%) patients were confirmed for HCV infection and there was no significant difference between males and females (50.3% vs. 49.7%). Previous surgery (49.0%), dental extraction (41.0%) and roadside shaving (38.1%) were the major risk factors for HCV infection. We also observed that previous surgery 143/154 (92.9%) in female and roadside shaving 118/156 (75.6%) in male was the commonest factor for HCV, however; dental extraction was comparable among male and female (65 [51.8%] vs 62 [48.2%], P value = 0.818). HCV RNA genotype 3 (81.6%) was the most frequent followed by 3a (11.3%), 3b (5.8%), 1 (0.7%) and 4 (0.7%). In the district-wise analysis, frequent cases were included from Lucknow with previous surgery and dental extraction as the commonest risk factor. Interpretation and Conclusions: Previous surgery among female and roadside shaving among males are the commonest risk factors for HCV. This study suggests a powerful and strict guideline, to avoid HCV infection.


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