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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 272-277

Quality of life (QOL) among older persons in an urban and rural area of Bangalore, South India

Department of Community Medicine, MS Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Priyadarshini Chidambaram
Department of Community Medicine, MS Ramaiah Medical College, MSR Nagar, MSRIT Post, Bangalore 560 054, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1241_20

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Introduction: The increasing ageing population of India has unique challenges due to changing social structure, health issues and inaccessible healthcare facilities. These challenges can adversely affect the quality of life (QOL) of older persons. Hence, this study was undertaken with the objective of assessing the QOL among older persons in an urban and rural area of Bangalore. Materials and Methods: Cross-sectional study was done among 977 older persons 60 years and above. Census enumeration blocks in urban areas and villages in rural areas were randomly selected and all older persons meeting the inclusion criteria were administered the WHOQOL-Bref questionnaire. Results: Mean QOL scores (SD) in the physical, psychological, social relationship and environmental domains were 50.5 (5.5), 49.2 (5.5), 49.4 (6.5) and 49.3 (5.1) in rural areas and 57.4 (8.9), 58.6 (8.8), 64.6 (10.8) and 60.0 (9.4) in urban areas, respectively. Compared to urban, rural older persons uniformly have lower QOL irrespective of sex, education or financial dependence. Conclusion: Inequitable health resource distribution and inadequate social support systems must be addressed to improve the QOL of older persons, especially in rural areas. Primary care providing essential services can bridge this urban–rural divide and improve QOL of older persons.

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