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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 265-271

A clinical study on surgical causes of Hematuria

1 SRD, Department of General Surgery, NEIGRIHMS, Shillong, Meghalaya, India
2 Associate Professor, Department of General Surgery, NEIGRIHMS, Shillong, Meghalaya, India
3 Professor, Department of General Surgery, Assam Medical College, Dibrugarh, Assam, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Kewithinwangbo Newme
SRD, Department of General Surgery, NEIGRIHMS
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1750_20

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Introduction: Hematuria is a clinical sign and symptom that every individual would have a worst nightmare and invokes a physician to carefully evaluate possible causes of hematuria. It may be medical or surgical causes. A thorough examination is required to exact the primary pathology. As such, a study on hematuria in North east India is not sufficiently researched or published. Material & methods: Here we present an observational study in our institution on that very topic. A study was done purely on surgical causes of hematuria on symptomatic patients. It was done on the inpatient and outpatient basis in Assam Medical College, Dibrugarh during the period of 2016–2019. Total 43 patients were evaluated, who came with symptomatic hematuria. Results: Out of 43 cases of symptomatic hematuria, 34 were male and 9 were females patients. Carcinoma urinary bladder was the commonest cause of hematuria, followed by BPH, urolithiasis, carcinoma prostrate, carcinoma upper urinary tract, etc. Conclusion: Benign prostatic hyperplasia was found to be the most common benign cause and carcinoma bladder was the commonest malignant cause of hematuria.

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