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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 205-212

Sleep-disordered breathing among Saudi children seeking orthodontic treatment


1 Assistant Professor, Preventive Dental Science Department, College of Dentistry, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia
2 Dental Intern, College of Dentistry, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia
3 General Dental Practitioner, Collage of Dentistry, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Saudi Arabia
4 Dental Intern, Collage of Dentistry, College of Pharmacy, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Saudi Arabia
5 Lecturer, College of Pharmacy, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Saudi Arabia
6 Psychology Specialist, College of Education, Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Norah M Almufadhi
8380 King Faisal Road - Arrumah District Unit No. 858, Albadaye 56361- 3791, AlQassim Province
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1918_20

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Aims: The aim of this research is to assess the prevalence of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) and evaluate the risks and symptoms in children seeking orthodontic treatment in a Saudi dental center. Settings and Design: It is a cross-sectional survey-based study. Methods and Material: Pediatric sleep questionnaire (PSQ) was used to survey 285 children and adolescents aged 5 to 18 years old who are undergoing orthodontic screening in a Saudi Dental Center. Statistical Analysis Used: PSQ scores were tested with multiple variables including gender, parents' education, academic performance using Mann-Whitney-U test. Correlation of study sample scores with age were calculated using the Spearman rank correlation coefficient (rho). Results: In this study 136 (47.7%) of the participants were deemed to be high risk for developing SDB and 149 (52.3%) were low risk, males were significantly at higher risk compared to females (P ≤ 0.05). Participants with previous adenoidectomy surgery were more likely to be identified as high-risk for SDB (P-value = 0.000) as well as participants with a family history of snoring (P-value = 0.000). Conclusions: Sleep disordered breathing was prevalent among Saudi children seeking orthodontic therapy, it is important to screen children and adolescents in dental pediatric and orthodontic clinics for SDB risk as this is a prevalent disorder among this population, early detection of SDB will improve patients' quality of life and prevent future complications associated to this disorder.


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