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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 167-174

Predictive factors for acquiring HCV infection in the population residing in high endemic, resource-limited settings

1 Resident Family Physician, The Indus Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan
2 Hepatitis C Control Program Manager, Global Health Directorate, Indus Health Network, Karachi, Pakistan
3 Family Medicine Department, The Indus Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Samreen Khan
B - 116, Block 12, Gulistan-e-Jauhar, Karachi - 75 000
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1835_20

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Background: In a country like Pakistan, a high prevalence of HCV persists due to a lack of awareness among the masses and the absence of adequate medical facilities in less privileged areas. Therefore, this study aimed to develop a risk-based screening tool based on the identification of predictive factors for HCV in the adult population in Karachi, Pakistan, which can later be validated for implementation. Methodology: A case-control study design was adopted and data was collected through an interview-based questionnaire from among 284 patients visiting the Family Medicine Department at The Indus Hospital, Karachi on whom the anti-HCV antibody test was conducted. Received data was then entered and analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21.0. Result: Analysis indicated that in the entire cohort, marital status, employment status, history of being operated on in the past, family history of HCV infection, and body piercing were the factors significantly associated with positive HCV antibody. Results thus achieved show that the anti-HCV-positive rate was higher in ever married, employed, having had surgery, and family history of HCV infection (aOR: 2.42, 3.5, 2.04 and 2.5, P = 0.043, 0.002, 0.011 and 0.005, respectively). Conclusions: It is concluded that future research may be conducted enrolling the heterogeneous population to further probe the HCV burden and incidence in our society to initiate educational purposes. This goal can be achieved through commercial advertisements and free public lectures for disease prevention and better health awareness among the masses and the curers.

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