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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 9  |  Page : 5041-5045

Adherence of heart failure patients to heart failure medications and its determinants in the Aseer region, Southern Saudi Arabia

Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Hazim Saeed M. Raffaa
Family Medicine Resident (PYG3), Joint Program of Family Medicine, Abha
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_904_20

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Background: Heart failure is a complex clinical syndrome of cardiovascular disease. Heart failure occurs when the heart muscle is weakened and cannot pump enough blood to meet the body's needs for blood and oxygen. It is characterised by several attacks of dyspnoea, chest pain, orthopnea and pulmonary or systemic congestion. The heart inability to fulfill the demands of the body further failure of heart to pump the blood with normal efficiency. Lack of patients' adherence to their treatment may affect their clinical compensation. Aim: To assess the extent of assessing the level and predictors of medication adherence among patients with heart failure in the Aseer region. Methodology: A descriptive cross-sectional approach was used for targeting all registered heart failure patients attending the cardio clinic and chronic diseases clinic in Aseer region hospitals. Data were collected using a direct interview questionnaire that was developed by the researchers with the help of experts. Questionnaire included the patients' sociodemographic data, co-morbidities, disease-related data and drugs. Results: The study included 151 patients diagnosed with heart failure. About 66% of the patients were above the age of 60 years and 62.3% were males. Exact of 47% of the cases had the disease for less than 3 years and 43.7% of the patients had the treatment for more than 3 years. About 49% of the patients forget to have their medication at least once while 34.4% had problems remembering to take your medication. Totally, more than half of the patients had poor medication adherence and only 7.3% had a high adherence rate. Conclusions and Recommendations: In conclusion, the adherence rate for the patients' medication was poor due to forgetting to have the medications. Poor adherence was related more with single patients who are not working with poor income.

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