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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 9  |  Page : 4904-4910

Prevalence of COVID-19-related anxiety among healthcare workers: A cross-sectional study

1 King Fahad Specialist Hospital- Dammam, E1-First Health Cluster, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
2 Ministry of Health, King Fahad Specialist Hospital- Dammam, Saudi Arabia
3 Erada Mental Health Complex, King Fahad Specialist Hospital- Dammam, Saudi Arabia
4 Alfarabi Colleges, King Fahad Specialist Hospital- Dammam, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Esra H Alzaid
Family Medicine Consultant, P.O Box 12702, King Fahad Specialist Hospital- Dammam, 31483
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_674_20

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Introduction: COVID-19 was labeled as a pandemic in March 2020. Healthcare workers (HCW) are confronting great mental stressors in coping with the crisis. In Saudi Arabia, research on the psychological effect of COVID-19 on HCW is lacking. Aim: To evaluate COVID-19 psychological impact on HCW and determine anxiety predictors to identify high-risk individuals. Materials and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on HCW in First Health Cluster Institutes in Eastern Province. An English self-administered questionnaire was adopted from similar research done in China. The original questionnaires were modified to meet the objectives of our study and suit Saudi sociodemographic differences. Generalized anxiety disorder-7 scale was incorporated to be the main tool for assessing the psychological impact. Results: One-third of HCW were classified as having anxiety disorder. In univariate analyses, the age group in years (P = 0.026), gender (P = 0.001), nationality (P = 0.033), and living with family (P = 0.007) significantly influenced anxiety disorder. However, in the multivariate regression model, gender (P = 0.004), living with family (P = 0.021), family history of COVID-19 (P = 0.022), and been suspected or confirmed with COVID-19 infection (P = 0.018) remained statistically significant when compared to anxiety disorder. Conclusion: During early COVID-19 pandemic, anxiety disorder among HCW was noticeable. Being a female, living with family members, and having a family history of COVID-19 increased the risk for anxiety disorder.

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