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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 9  |  Page : 4861-4868

Status of maternal health care services: An assessment study in slums of Kolkata

1 Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, All India Institute of Hygiene & Public Health, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Epidemiology, All India Institute of Hygiene & Public Health, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sayanti Bandyopadhyay
Ladies Hostel, All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health, CR Avenue, Coolutola Street, College Street, Kolkata - 700 073, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_688_20

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Background and Aims: Mothers constitute an important and priority group in any community due to their high pregnancy related morbidities and mortality. The prevention of pregnancy related complications was possible with proper utilisation of maternal health care services. This study was conducted with the aim of assessing the utilisation of maternal health care services among mothers with younger child aged ≤3 years in slums of Kolkata, West Bengal and to find out the factors associated with it. Methodology: It was a community-based, observational study with cross-sectional design conducted in slums of Kolkata from June 2017 to May 2018. 30 slums [under Kolkata municipal corporation] were selected by cluster sampling technique using probability proportionate to size method. 10 mothers were selected from each slum and a total of 300 mothers were selected for the study. A pre-designed, pre-tested, structured schedule was used for data collection. Results: The mean age of the mothers was 23.83 (±3.64) years with the age ranging from 18 to 35 years. 75.7% mothers were registered in 1st trimester of pregnancy and 100% mothers received ≥4 antenatal check-ups. But only 78% mothers consumed ≥100 IFA tablets and only 23.3% mothers consumed ≥360 calcium tablets in antenatal period. 80.3% of the mothers had unsatisfactory utilisation of maternal health care services. Unsatisfactory utilisation of maternal care services was significantly associated with the younger age of the mothers, a smaller number of pregnancies and teenage marriage. Conclusion: Utilisation maternal health care services was not satisfactory among mothers in slums of Kolkata. Awareness generation and behaviour change communication among mothers is necessary for proper utilisation of the services.

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