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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 9  |  Page : 4692-4698

An assessment of age-appropriate infant and young child feeding practices among children in Kancheepuram district, Tamil Nadu, India

1 Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (SBV)- Deemed to be University, Nellikuppam, Chengalpattu, India
2 Chettinad Hospital and Research Institute, Chettinad Academy of Research and Education (CARE), Kelembakkam, Kancheepuram, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Jasmine Maruthupandian
Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (SBV)- Deemed to be University, Tiruporur - Gudvancherry main road, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpattu - 603 108, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_668_20

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Background: Appropriate Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) practices are a cornerstone to reduce child morbidity and mortality. Assessment of IYCF practices among the mother of young children is the need of the hour to find the breaches in their performance and to find out the influencing factors for these gaps. The study was undertaken with the objectives to assess the IYCF practices and the factors influencing among the children of age 7–24 months. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was undertaken in the rural area of Kancheepuram district, Tamilnadu from June 2019 to December 2019. One hundred forty-three children of age less than 2 years were selected by two-stage random sampling method. Data was collected house-to-house using the pretested questionnaire and WHO Infant and Young Child feeding questionnaire. Proportions were calculated and Chi-square test was applied. Results: The mean age of the children was 14 ± 5 months. Among the study participants, only 10.2% were exclusively breastfed for 6 months. 58.6% of children were introduced on soft/solid/semisolid food at the end of 6–8 months. The minimum acceptable diet of breastfeeding children was 31.5% and nonbreastfeeding children was 14%. Age of mother, educational qualification of mother, working status of mother, and mode of delivery were statistically associated with appropriate Infant and Young Children feeding practices. Conclusion: The results revealed that there is only improvement in early infant practices and there are indigent practices of complementary feeding among the mothers.

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