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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 1974-1980

Effect of depression on attentional network system among rheumatoid arthritis patients—A cross-sectional study


1 Cognitive Science Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Geriatric Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Anup Singh
Associate Professor and Head, Department of Geriatric Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi - 221 005, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1161_19

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Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, painful and debilitating musculoskeletal condition with depression being its common co-morbidity. It is associated with symptoms of fatigue, pain, and sleep disturbances that can overlap with or mimic symptoms of depression. It may occur with at least mild severity is up to 42% of RA patients. Basically, depression refers to a constellation of experience including not only mood but also physical, mental and behavioral experiences. The fact that rates of depression are higher in samples of patients with RA than in the normal population is well documented. The present study was conducted in order to examine the effect of depression on attentional functioning with diagnosed RA patients. Twenty RA patients out of which 10 patients with depression and 10 patients without depression participated in the study. The Beck Depression Inventory was administered for the assessment of depression and the attentional network task was used to measure the attentional performance of the RA patients. Results revealed that there was a significant difference in depressive symptoms among RA patients on accuracy and reaction time (P < 0.01) and orienting effect (P < 0.05). The findings would also imply intervention and rehabilitation of depression among RA patients.


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