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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 1939-1943

Evaluation of hand hygiene compliance over the years, in an intensive care unit of a north Delhi hospital preparing for accreditation: A 3-year study

1 Department of Microbiology, Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar Hospital, Delhi, India
2 Department of Anaesthesia, Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar Hospital, Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Renu Gur
Consultant and Head, Department of Microbiology, Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar Hospital, Delhi - 110 085
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1050_19

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Introduction: World Health Organization (WHO) initiated a global movement to achieve universal health coverage (UHC). Hand hygiene (HH) is critical for achieving UHC as it is a practical and evidence-based approach with a gaugeable impact on the quality of care and patient safety in healthcare. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted in an intensive care unit of a government hospital spanning a period of 3 years. WHO single-observer direct observation technique was used and HH compliance was noted. The results were compared over the years since the hospital was preparing to undergo a National Accreditation Board for Hospitals and Healthcare (NABH) assessment. Results: The overall compliance significantly increased over the years (P < 0.0001). HH compliance for hand rub (HR) and hand wash (HW) was compared among doctors, nurses, and ICU technicians, respectively. HR compliance remained more or less the same over the years (P = 0.4738) while HW compliance significantly improved (P < 0.0001). Conclusions: This is one of the first studies from our country evaluating HH compliance over the years in a healthcare setup undergoing accreditation. During the course of the study, we observed a significant increase in HH compliance. This can be attributed to the unflinching support of our hospital's administration and relentless efforts of our infection control team. This is our first step initiative towards improving HH and thus preventing healthcare-associated infections (HCAIs) in our setup.

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