Home Print this page Email this page Small font size Default font size Increase font size
Users Online: 2324
Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 1927-1934

A prospective study on bacteriological profile and antibiogram of postoperative wound infections in a tertiary care hospital in Western Rajasthan

1 Department of Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India
2 Department of Pharmacology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Himanshu Narula
Department of Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh - 249 203, Uttarakhand
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1154_19

Rights and Permissions

Background: Surgical site infections (SSI) are one of the most common hospital-acquired infections worldwide. SSI are known to increase morbidity, mortality, length of stay in hospital as well as the cost of treatment to the patients. The incidence varies from 1% to 20% among developed countries to as high as 40% in developing world. Aims: To find the incidence and risk factors, bacteriological profile, and antibiogram for SSI in General Surgery department of a tertiary care hospital in Western Rajasthan. Methods: Culture and sensitivity of wounds of all the clinically suspected cases of SSI were taken. Bacterial identification and antimicrobial susceptibility were performed according to standard CLSI guidelines. Statistical analysis was done using Microsoft Excel, SPSS 13 software. Results: Among total 609 patients, 102 were clinically suspected SSI and 88 were culture positive. Incidence of SSI was 14.45%. The most common organism was Staphylococcus aureus followed by Klebsiella pneumoniae. Most of the Gram-positive isolates were resistant to penicillin and cephalosporin antibiotics and were moderately susceptible to fluoroquinolones and aminoglycosides. Gram-negative isolates were resistant to beta-lactam and beta-lactam/beta-lactamase inhibitor combination also but were susceptible to fluoroquinolones, aminoglycosides, and carbapenems. Conclusion: High incidence rate of SSI in our setup emphasizes the need of quality surgical care which takes into consideration all the three important factors, i.e. host, environmental, and microorganism characteristics before doing any surgery. Increasing resistance to commonly used antibiotics warrants the judicious use of antibiotics and establishment of antibiotic policy in the hospital.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded160    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal