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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 1878-1884

Perception of general pediatricians in Riyadh towards vaccination of patients with congenital heart diseases

Department of Cardiology, Medical Intern, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, College of Medicine, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mohammed Omar Alfakhri
Department of Cardiology, Medical Intern, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, College of Medicine, Riyadh
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1175_19

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Background: Congenital heart defected (CHD) children are often predisposed to numerous conditions ranging from arrythmias, infections, to heart failure. Proper implementation of vaccination plan and multidisciplinary acts are mandatory for maintaining such cases to reduce the mortality and morbidity. Furthermore, CHD are also at risk of vaccine adverse reaction and several blooddisseminated pathogens infections, and at risk of death if such events where to occur. Perception and Interpretation of the knowledge and experience of general pediatricians towards vaccination of patients with congenital heart diseases is a crucial element to understand, and to improve healthcare practice in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Aims: To clarify, our aim is to investigate views of different pediatricians in vaccination plans, to perceive junior and senior pediatricians, and to identify extra vaccines given to children with a congenital heart defect. Settings and Design: This study is a cross-sectional study that includes the distribution of 246 questionnaires through personal interview focusing on pediatric cardiologists and general pediatricians with varying years of practice and degrees. Study was conducted by six medical interns: Mohammed O. Alfakhri, Meshal F. Alhajji, Abdulrahman M. Alyani, Yahya Z. Murad, Abdulrahman E. Alghannam, Alwaleed H. Algahtani, in six different teritiary hospitals, King Abdulaziz Medical City (KAMC), King Fahad Medical City (KFMC), King Faisal Specialist Hospital (KFSH), King Salman Hospital, and Alyamamah Hospital, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Methods and Material: Data was collected through a convenient sampling technique and was analyzed using SPSS (version 20) and rearranged to observe the most frequent information obtained from the questionnaire. Statistical Analysis Used: Categorical study was described in frequencies and bar charts. Chi-Square test of significance was used after the data entry to assess the significance of the values obtained. Results and Conclusions: There was no significant difference between the six hospitals. In the following study, 81.7% of the participants believe that patients with congenital heart diseases are combined immunodeficient, and 84.6% agreed on giving special\extra vaccine with no preference over live and\or killed vaccine. On top of that, participants believe that the extra vaccines given to congenital heart disease patients with combined immunodeficiency are meningococcal and pneumococcal vaccines, and the special vaccine given to them are respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and influenza vaccine. To conclude, congenitally heart defected children are widespread worldwide. Children suffering from the disease are having a serious problem that affects their lives from its earliest. For that, our research mainly focuses on improving their lives by trying to reduce the effect of several other preventable diseases using vaccines as and when they need. Several other studies believed in giving extra/special vaccines that vary depending on the location of the study. However, in Riyadh, we found that most pediatricians agree on giving extra vaccines as meningococcal and pneumococcal, and RSV and influenza as special vaccines to children with congenital heart defects.

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