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INVITED EDITORIAL
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 1792-1794

Restricting rural-urban connect to combat infectious disease epidemic as India fights COVID-19


1 Department of Community Medicine, Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences (HIMS), Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India
2 Director, Generating Research Insight for Development (GRID), New Delhi, India
3 President, Academy of Family Physicians of India, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India
4 Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India
5 Department of Community and Family Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India
6 Director and CEO, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ajeet Singh Bhadoria
Department of Community and Family Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_451_20

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With declaration of 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) as a pandemic on 11 March 2020 by World Health Organization, India came to alert for its being at next potential risk. It reached alert Level 2, i.e. local transmission for virus spread in early March 2020 and soon thereafter alert Level 3, i.e. community transmission. With on-going rise in COVID-19 cases in country, Government of India (GoI) has been taking multiple intense measures in coordination with the state governments, such as urban lockdown, active airport screening, quarantining, aggressive calls for 'work from home', public awareness, and active case detection with contact tracing in most places. Feedback from other countries exhibits COVID-19 transmission levels to have shown within country variations. With two-third of Indian population living in rural areas, present editorial hypothesizes that if India enters Level 3, rural hinterland would also be at risk importation (at least Level 1). Hence, we have to call for stringent containment on rural-urban and inter-state fringes. This along with other on-going measures can result in flattening curve and also in staggering 'lockdowns', and thus, helping sustain national economy.


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