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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 243-246

Assessment of correlation of periodontitis in teeth adjacent to implant and peri- implantitis

1 Department of Prosthodontics Crown and Bridge, PMNM Dental College and Hospital, Bagalkot, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Prosthodontics, College of Dentistry, Majmaah University, Al-Majmaah 11952, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Periodontics, People's Dental Academy, Bhopal, MP, India
4 Department of Prosthodntics, Sarjug Dental College and Hospital, Darbhanga, Bihar, India
5 Department of Prosthodontics, Kannur Dental College, Anjarakandy, Kannur, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Anuj Singh Parihar
Reader, Department of Periodontics, People's Dental Academy, Bhopal - 462 037, MP
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_726_19

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Aims: The present study was conducted to determine correlation between peri-implantitis and periodontitis in adjacent teeth. Materials and Methods: The present study was conducted on 58 patients with 84 dental implants. They were divided into two groups, group I (50) was with peri-implantitis and group II (34) was without it. In all patients, probing depth (PD), gingival recession (GR), and clinical attachment loss (CAL) was calculated around implant, adjacent to implant and on contralateral side. Obtained data were statistically analyzed using statistical software IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 21.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp with one-way analysis of variance. Results: Males were 30 with 52 dental implants and females were 28 with 32 dental implants. CAL was 5.82 ± 0.52 in group I and 3.62 ± 0.63 in group II (P = 0.001) around implants. PD was 4.28 ± 1.26 in group I and 2.20 ± 0.52 in group II around adjacent teeth (P = 0.002). PD around contralateral teeth was significant (P = 0.05) in group I (3.18 ± 1.01) and group II (2.71 ± 0.73). Conclusion: Periodontitis has negative effect on implant success. Teeth adjacent to dental implant plays an important role in deciding the success or failure of implant. Maintenance of periodontal health is of paramount importance for successful implant therapy.

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