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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 197-201

Diabetic peripheral neuropathy among Saudi diabetic patients: A multicenter cross-sectional study at primary health care setting

1 Joint Program of Family Medicine Post Graduate Studies, Al-Madinah 41311, Saudi Arabia
2 Family Medicine Department, Prince Mohammed Ben Abdulaziz Hospital NGHA, Al-Madinah 41311, Saudi Arabia
3 Internal Medicine Residency Program, Prince Mohammed Ben Abdulaziz Hospital NGHA, Al-Madinah 41311, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rayan Abdullah Sendi
Joint Program of Family Medicine Post Graduate Studies, Al.Madinah 41311
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_927_19

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Background: Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is one of the most common complications of diabetes and is responsible for morbidity and disability among diabetic patients. Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of painful DPN and its associated risk factors in patients with diabetes mellitus. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 430 diabetic patients attending primary healthcare centres (PHC) in AL Madinah city, Saudi Arabia. The validated Douleur Neuropathique-4 (DN4) questionnaire was used to identify the presence of painful DPN. Results: The majority were female (54.7%) and had type 2 diabetes mellitus (74.9%). The prevalence of DPN was 30.1% in type 2 diabetic patients and 25.9% in type 1 diabetic patients with an overall prevalence of 29.1%. DPN was associated significantly with age, duration of diabetes milieus, uncontrolled A1c, and positive family history of diabetes mellitus (P < 0.05). All the investigated comorbidities were also associated significantly with DPN (P < 0.05). Conclusions: The prevalence of DPN was 25.9% and was associated with age duration of DM and uncontrolled HbA1c. PHC physicians treating diabetes should be more aware of the importance of screening for DPN and the treatment plan.

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