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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 12  |  Page : 6228-6233

Is there a need to cover all households under health insurance schemes: A cross-sectional study in a rural area of Jammu


1 Department of Community Medicine, GMC, Jammu, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Dr RPGMC, Tanda, H.P, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rajiv K Gupta
Department of Community Medicine, Near Auditorium, GMC, 3rd Floor, Bakshi Nagar - 180 001
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_958_20

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Background: For tackling unforeseen health expenditure and improving healthcare accessibility in general, it is important that people should not only be aware but also be covered under health insurance schemes. The present study was conducted with the aim to assess the health expenditure, health insurance awareness, and coverage among rural households. Materials and Methods: This was a community-based cross-sectional study carried out in randomly selected families falling under a rural health block in Jammu district of Jammu & Kashmir, Union Territory. A predesigned, pretested, and semistructured questionnaire was used for data collection. Results: A total of 380 families were surveyed, of which 14.5% belonged to the priority household group. Among the priority and nonpriority households, 8.80% and 5.69% of monthly income were spent on health-related activities and 9.91% of household expenditure was on health. A total of 24.32% of priority households had even borrowed money to meet health expenditures. A total of 28.15% families had heard about the Ayushman Bharat scheme. Attitude towards health insurance was positive in both groups. A total of 29.23% of nonpriority households and 14.54% of priority households had health insurance coverage. Conclusion: A significant proportion of household expenditure was health related. The absence of good insurance coverage raises the need for policies and laws to cover all the households under health insurance schemes.


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