Home Print this page Email this page Small font size Default font size Increase font size
Users Online: 5016
Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 12  |  Page : 6073-6077

Local complications of intravenous access – an often underestimated entity

1 Department of General Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India
2 R D Gardi Medical College, Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rubik Ray
Department of General Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences Raipur, Chhattisgarh
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1649_20

Rights and Permissions

Context: Obtaining intravenous (IV) access is one of the very frequent invasive procedures performed in hospital care settings. This has several complications some of which are serious in nature. However, the incidence and seriousness of these complications as well as the burden of this complication on patient management are often underestimated. Identification of susceptible patients and the risk factors are important to ensure better outcomes. Aims: The aim of this study was to document the various local complications of intravenous access and to identify the risk factors associated with it. Settings and Design: Prospective observational study with three hundred and one surgical patients. Study duration of 1 year. Methods and Material: Indication of IV access, site, size of IV cannula used, category of personnel involved as well as local complications at access site were documented. Dressing at cannula site were changed every 72 h or earlier. Cannula and site of access were changed in case of any complication. Statistical Analysis Used: Results analysed using SPSS software (IBM Inc). Frequency calculated as average and percentage. Chi-square test used for statistical significance. Relative risk calculated. Results: Females, overweight, diabetics and smokers were found at more risk. Requirement of major surgery, IV access by paramedical personnel, IV access over joints and when kept beyond 3 days were found to have more complications. 5.7% of patients had serious complications requiring surgical intervention. Conclusions: Our study shows that local complications at IV access site are very common with occurrence in more than fifty percent patients. Several risk factors are identified. Not all demographic and clinical risk factors are readily modifiable. However many of the complications can easily be minimized by following basic precautions.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded78    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal