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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 12  |  Page : 5939-5943

Preliminary study of prevalence of urolithiasis in North-Eastern city of India


1 Department of Urology & Renal Transplant, Atal Bihari Vajpayee Institute of Medical Sciences & Dr Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, Connaught Place, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Urology, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal, Manipur, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mohammad Shazib Faridi
Department of Urology & Renal Transplant, ABVIMS & Dr Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, Connaught Place, New Delhi
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1522_20

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Introduction: Urinary tract stone is one of the major urological problems globally and has changed significantly in the last few decades. The epidemiology differs according to geography, socioeconomic status, and diet. The primary care physicians are initially consulted rather than urologists because of increase in the prevalence of urolithiasis and saturation of health facilities. Objectives: To study the prevalence of urolithiasis in the urology department of a tertiary care centre, Manipur, India. Methods: A total 621 patients of urolithiasis were studied. After history and physical examination of each patient, urolithiasis was confirmed by X-ray Kidney Ureter Bladder (KUB) or Ultrasound (USG) KUB. Results: The male to female ratio was 1.01:1. 30.8% patients came from Imphal West district. 63.1% of studied population had single stone and commonly seen in the 31–40 years of age, whereas multiple stones (n = 59) were found most commonly in the 41–50 years of age group. The difference of number of stones according to age group was statistically significant (P = 0.000). The most common location of stones was in kidneys (67.4%) and stones in urethra were the least common (P = 0.000). Conclusion: In this preliminary study, we report the prevalence of urolithiasis in Manipur, India. The better understanding of the epidemiology of urolithiasis is important to plan the effective treatment and prevention strategies in general practice. There is a shift in gender distribution of urolithiasis. Aging demographics, number of stones, obesity; all were associated with increased prevalence of urolithiasis.


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