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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 12  |  Page : 5909-5915

A prospective study of catch-up growth among Indian children with celiac disease

1 Department of Pediatrics, Maulana Azad Medical College, Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Neonatology, Maulana Azad Medical College, Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, New Delhi, India
3 Division of Genetics; Department of Pediatrics, Maulana Azad Medical College, Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ashish Jain
Boys Hostel, MAMC, New Delhi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_1193_20

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Objectives: The study was done to investigate the response of the gluten-free diet (GFD) on growth and other biochemical parameters in newly diagnosed children with celiac disease (CD). We also determined the association of Marsh biopsy classification and the response in haematological parameters among the children with GFD over the follow-up time. Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted for 1.5 years where children aged 1–10 years with newly confirmed CD (as per Marsh classification) without pre-existing chronic disease were enrolled. Individual anthropometry, biochemical and haematological parameters were recorded on enrolment and compared with 1, 3 and 6 months (follow-up) after initiating GFD (as per World Health Organization growth charts). Statistical Analysis: The data were entered in MS Excel spreadsheet and analysis was done using Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 21.0. A P value of < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: A total of 51 (out of 55) children with CD completed 6-month follow-up. A significant improvement in the growth and biochemical parameters was seen at 6-month follow-up with the GFD (P < 0.05). There was a significantly decreasing Hb (at enrolment and at 3 months) with increasing Marsh biopsy grade—it was significantly less with Marsh 3C and more with Marsh 3A. A significantly better %Hb improvement was seen in children with Marsh biopsy 3C as compared to 3A and 3B (P < 0.05). We found no significant association of Marsh biopsy with Malabsorption, type of anaemia and Serum ferritin levels (P > 0.05). Conclusions: GFD showed significant improvement in the growth and development of the child with a significant reduction in anaemia at 6 months. With increasing grade of Marsh biopsy, the severity of anaemia increases but after the initiation of GFD, such children show significantly better improvement in %Hb over time.

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